The need for a testicular biopsy emerges when a man is suffering from infertility with a low sperm count. In this procedure, the surgeon removes a sperm sample for in vitro fertilization.
The biopsy is performed through a small incision in the skin using a needle and may be performed on both testicles.
The biopsy is then analysed by the anatomical pathologist and sometimes by the reproduction laboratory. The anatomical pathologist analyses the maturation of different cells in the sperm lineage (spermatogenesis).
Sperm can eventually be harvested and used for in vitro fertilization.
Disclaimer: Results may vary from one person to another depending on the patient’s body shape.